Renal (Kidneys & Bladder) Ultrasound Scan

Right kidney

Right kidney

Abdominal pain is the most common indication for a renal ultrasound scan. However, your doctor may also refer you because you are suffering from other symptoms or he maybe concerned about his examination findings or blood and urine tests.

Amongst other conditions, a renal ultrasound scan can detect kidney stones, cysts, tumours, congenital abnormalities of the renal tract (these are abnormalities that have been present from birth), problems of the prostate, effects of infection and trauma of the kidneys and renal tract.


Full Bladder Scan: Normal

Full Bladder

What do we check for on the scan?

The scan is performed trans-abdominally and you will be require to fill your bladder by drinking 1 – 2 pints of water approximately 1 hour prior to your appointment time.

The scan will evaluate the size, shape, outline and condition of the:

• Kidneys
• Bladder
• Prostate (male)
• Uterus and ovaries (female)

Right kidney demonstrating Doppler blood flow

Right kidney demonstrating Doppler blood flow

Common problems which can show on the scan are:

• Hydronephrosis
• Cysts
• Masses
• Renal calculi

Common reasons for referral are:

• Passing blood in urine
• Right or left upper quadrant pain
• Increase urine frequency
• Incomplete bladder emptying

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